“… no science, not even the most exact …


“… no science, not even the most exact, starts out with [clear and precisely defined basic] concepts. The true beginnings of scientific activity consist, rather, in the description of phenomena, which are then grouped, classified, and brought into relation with each other. Even when simply describing the material, we cannot avoid applying to it certain abstract ideas, acquired from somewhere or other but certainly not just from the new observations alone.”

—Freud, Drives and their Fates



“… no science, not even the most exact, starts out with [clear and precisely defined basic] concepts. The true beginnings of scientific activity consist, rather, in the description of phenomena, which are then grouped, classified, and brought into relation with each other. Even when simply describing the material, we cannot avoid applying to it certain abstract ideas, acquired from somewhere or other but certainly not just from the new observations alone.”

—Freud, Drives and their Fates


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